The Jamaican Pattie is a derivative of the Cornish Pastie. In the 17th Century many Cornish ships and sailors were involved in the triangle of routes between England, East Africa and the Caribbean for the trade in spices, slaves and sugar etc. This is still reflected today in Jamaican place names such as Cornwall County, Falmouth, and Trelawney Parish.
The Cornish Pastie travelled with the Cornish sailors to Jamaica and became adapted over time to include local ingredients, and to suit the tastes and palate of the people, eventually developing into the Jamaican Patties of today. The Chinese and Indian influences in the spices came from indentured workers who travelled to the Caribbean to work following the abolition of slavery.
The Jamaican Patty Now
The Pattie is now the commonest form of street or snack food in Jamaica, available from the smallest street vendor or market stall, right up to large dedicated chains of takeaway shops and restaurants.
How are they made?
Jamaican Pattie (or occasionally Jamaican Puff) is now a generic description within the bakery trade, much like French stick, Swiss roll, or Danish pastry. Patties are manufactured and sold across the world by many different companies. Even within Jamaica itself there are many different makers, all with their own recipes and variations on pastry and fillings, so there is no single definitive recipe or ingredient, however Scotch Bonnet chilli and the pastry colour identify the product uniquely.
The key flavouring component driving the Island Delight Jamaican patty is our unique blend of spices, but the primary flavour driving heat levels is the Scotch Bonnet Chilli, which is a key ingredient in all our range. Furthermore, the unique colour of our pastry is based on the use an of annatto/ turmeric blend, which again is a key ingredient in the pastry mix.
Island Delight’s Managing Director, Wade Lyn CBE was born in Jamaica, and to this day he and his family there maintain close links with Jukie Chin, founder of Juici Patties, the largest pattie maker on the Island. We recently assisted him in sourcing new equipment from the U.K. for use in his Jamaican factory. The recipes on which our patties are based are our M.D.’s own family favourites, and samples of all new products we develop here in the U.K. are sent back to Jamaica for tasting before being launched. Many of our factory staff are Caribbean, and all regularly eat and enjoy our products.